Immunity is the new buzz word

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Our immunity protects us from invading disease-causing pathogenic microorganisms. In current pandemic situation, immunity has become the new buzz word. Immunity is actually a system in human body for protection from infectious disease. It has two component – a less specific or INNATE and a more specific or ADAPTIVE component.

Innate Immunity

This provides the first line of defence against infection. Here response is rapid (minutes). It is not specific to a particular pathogen. It has no memory and does not confer long-lasting immunity to the host.

Adaptive Immunity

This provides a specific immune response directed at an invading pathogen. Following exposure to a foreign organism there is an initial EFFECTOR RESPONSE that eliminates or neutralizes a pathogen. Later re-exposure to the same foreign organism induces a MEMORY RESPONSE with a more rapid immune reaction that eliminates the pathogen and prevents disease. This response is found only in vertebrates.

It has been known from historical times that a person who has recovered from an infectious disease is most unlikely to suffer from it again – even when exposed maximally – although he would remain susceptible to other infections. Vaccination is a process of creating a memory response so that when the infections actually happen body knows how to respond.

What can you do to boost your immune system?

The idea of boosting your immunity is enticing, but scientists have proved the ability to do so is elusive for several reasons. The immune system is precisely that — a system, not a single entity. To function well, it requires balance and harmony. There is still much that researchers don’t know about the intricacies and interconnectedness of the immune response. For now, there are no scientifically proven direct links between lifestyle and enhanced immune function.

But that doesn’t mean the effects of lifestyle on the immune system aren’t relevant. The effects of diet, exercise, age, psychological stress, and other factors on the immune response are profound. We often see a well-protected person sometimes become prey of infection, while careless, less privileged people escape infection despite being vulnerable. It has happened during the current pandemic situation too.

Your first line of defense is to choose a healthy life.

Following general good-health guidelines is the single best step you can take toward naturally keeping your immune system strong and healthy. Every part of your body, including your immune system, functions better when protected from environmental assaults and bolstered by healthy-living strategies such as these:

Diet and your immune system

The body is continually generating immune cells.

Healthy immune system warriors need good, regular nourishment. Scientists have long recognized that people who live in poverty and are malnourished are more vulnerable to infectious diseases. There is something in medical science called ‘Recommended Daily allowance (RDA) of vitamins & minerals that human body should get for a healthy living. This RDA comes from food. To get the RDA one need to have a variety of food of large quantity. However, at time it may not be possible to get RDA from food due to inferior quality, time constraints, cost and availability.

So what can you do? If you suspect your diet is not providing you the required nutrients, taking multivitamin and mineral supplement may benefit you.  In fact taking supplement has become necessary considering the present day fast pace life and poor food quality. You may read details about benefit of supplement in my post

Exercise: Good or bad for immunity?

Regular exercise is one of the pillars of healthy living. It improves cardiovascular health, lowers blood pressure, helps control body weight, and protects against a variety of diseases. But does it help to boost your immune system naturally and keep it healthy? Just like a healthy diet, exercise can contribute to general good health and therefore to a healthy immune system. It may contribute even more directly by promoting good circulation, which allows the cells and substances of the immune system to move through the body freely and do their job efficiently.

Adequate rest

It is another factor that helps you to maintain a healthy life including your immune system. Major parts of human body work continuously non-stop and other parts works as per our will. Organs like stomach, heart, intestine, kidney, liver etc work continuously and involuntarily. Whereas other parts like limb, hands, mouth etc work voluntarily as and when we desire. Therefore, the body needs an amount of rest to recoup the grind of working continuously. During this rest period body parts undergo repair and store energy for active period. If we don’t take rest body parts have to carry out work without being repaired and it will be under stress. Obviously, the performance of a stressed body, be its immunity or otherwise, will be low.

Mental attitude

The way you think has a huge impact on your body. A person who habitually think crisis will always find himself in crisis. Even his body will also adopt to this crisis mentality. It will pop up crisis situation out of a small event. Therefore, we need to be very careful what you think most of the time. If we think good we will see good. Our attention will go to good. Our mental response will be good. When this ‘good’ process goes on in our mind, the body response also will be good. The immune responses will be good.

To sum up an immune system in the body is inherited from birth. However, it can be maintained and enhanced by choosing a healthy lifestyle such as good diet supported by food supplement, regular exercise, adequate rest,  positive thinking and avoiding bad habits.

[ Discalimer : The content is best on inputs taken from various source.]

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